Garden design is a very personal thing and is often an expression of your personality. What I like you, you may not and vice versa. Some people love a neat and tidy garden where there are no surprises, others love the sensation of a windy road, lots of different plant material and not knowing what’s around the corner. There are three main styles of formal, semi-formal and informal gardens. They can then be divided into many garden types and it depends on what you want. The garden design can be styled intimately with your home as in the example of a large French castle where the geometric pattern of the garden mimics the geometric construction of the house or has nothing to do with your home at all.
Some people are lucky and have an innate talent to know how to design a space, making it a pleasant place to live. Others do not have this gene and find it very difficult to visualize how the space will work. To create good design, it is important that you understand that design is about managing the space and the people who move around it. The essence of good garden design centers on the round pattern and the space within this pattern.
By using geometric shapes, circles, triangles, rectangles, etc. You can achieve a unified feel in your garden. So you need to think about the patterns and movements of the soil around your garden. AKDSEO merupakan agency digital marketing yang fokus melayani jasa Backlinks dan Link building website, termasuk di dalamnya Jasa Menaikkan DA ( Domain Authority), Where do you want people to go? The soil pattern can be achieved by the use of bricks, paving and plant materials such as cut grass etc.
Formal gardens are symmetrical and geometric and strict in terms of repeating patterns and plant materials on both sides. These are highly controlled, plants are cut, shaped, manipulated regularly and nowadays are often suitable for small gardens such as yards. Urns, balustrades, stones, gravel paths, parters, formal ponds, and framed landscapes are all part of a formal garden. No surprises, you know what to expect.
Asymmetrical and irregular informal design. Plant material is allowed to spill over structural elements such as walls, stairs and walkways. Plant material is left to seed on its own and wander around the garden. Informal garden designs are softer, full of surprises so you don’t know what to expect.
And semi-formal is a combination of the above two. Usually constructed structures such as retaining walls, walkways and stairs are formal and informal elements are plant material that is allowed to spill over them, softening hard lines.
Within these three types, there are many different garden styles to choose from such as contemporary, Japanese, Mediterranean, cottage, courtyard, kitchen garden or secret garden.
Contemporary is a modern style that likes to reflect the surroundings but also uses a variety of plant materials. The shape and texture of the foliage is just as important as the flowers. Hard landscaping is woven into geometrically shaped buildings; everything flows into the wider landscape. Plants are used as focal points to accentuate architectural forms.
The cottages are a late nineteenth century ideal of a return to simple cottages in the countryside. They are planted with strong bulbs, flowers, fruit bushes and herbs and vegetables. They are geometric, color matched and luxurious because the plants grow well because they are given a lot of fertilizer on a regular basis.
The Mediterranean is not limited to one particular region but is defined according to hot summers and low rainfall. They include entertainment areas, shade, scenic views, and dramatic shadows. Hot colorful plants are used and lots of lush green foliage to create a cool atmosphere.
Plants must be drought tolerant. Greenery has always been popular because it provides shade on hot days. The white walls are washed to reflect sunlight, the pergola is built to create shade and uses terracotta pots. There are often water features and the water provides a cooling vibe.
Japanese gardens imply the religion and history of Japanese culture. Japanese gardens are highly symbolic, often symbols associated with nature. Plants are ‘domesticated’ and there is an emphasis on evergreen trees and shrubs. They are very controlled and often minimalistic.
A true Japanese garden is a place of great meditation and serenity.
erecting and pulling out a garden there are 3 sets of plans (perhaps four if you need a structural engineer plan) that you need to design:- Site Analysis Plan, Concept Plan and Planting Plan, usually all drawn to scale.
The first step
To design a garden that works there are a few things you need to do before buying plants and planting them. If you follow these steps you are more likely to have a successful garden.
It is important to make an inventory of the area you are designing. Things that must be included are:
Level – steep/flat
Aspect – North/south
Existing trees and buildings
Appearance – good and bad
Entrance Door – Front/back door
Underground cables and pipes
Warehouse and garage
Paved and unpaved areas
Drainage – rainwater runoff
Once you’ve noted the above, it’s time to structure the space. You can draw it roughly (not to scale) but in the end you have to draw it to scale. Start by measuring the area you are designing, drawing on a scale that is 1:100 and incorporating all the points above into your plan. All of these influences need to be drawn on paper, so you can gauge any trend. For example, there may be a paved path from the back door to the garage, but everyone is taking shortcuts across the yard, creating a line of desire. No – nobody uses paved roads. So maybe open the line of desire and make it the official line.
The next step is the concept plan and this is the plan where you put your ideas. It can be as wild and adventurous as you like. Forget costs, enjoy your creativity. This is the stage where you put your dream of what you have always wanted. Later, your hip pocket will decide for you whether you can have it. Anything is possible, so don’t be shy, dream. Again this can be drawn roughly or to scale, it’s up to you.
The third and final plan is the planting plan and is better for building scale as it allows you to know exactly how many plants you will need. It combines all the ideas you have decided on and shows you how the finished garden looks like. This is a road map that will guide you to build your new garden.
There may be a fourth plan if your site is steep or you have major elements in it, as you may need the advice of an engineer.
Points to Consider
Think about the condition of your soil, is it heavy clay or light and sandy? What plants will grow in these conditions? Are some areas marshy and some always dry?
The sun is higher in the sky during spring and summer and its shadows are shorter. Whereas in winter, the sun is lower in the sky and casts longer shadows. So the plant may be in full sun in summer and full shade in winter. Can it tolerate this? Also think about the conditions the plant needs. Are they full sun plants like roses or shade-loving plants like azaleas?
You also need to think about the direction of the wind. Where does the dominant wind come from? Curtains and fences are one way to solve this problem, but what problems will they cause? Make blocks feel cramped, cast shadows, etc? It is important to know that some plants do not like drafts and are not good at placing BBQ/entertainment areas in uncomfortable places.
The view out the window or from your garden is very important. Some are annoying while others are desirable. If you want to block flats/neighbors etc. You may need to put up a taller fence or some sort of hedging screen. Or you may want to design your garden to enhance the view of mountains, sea, etc.
Utilities and Service Channels
You also need to know where your services and utilities are located; things like clotheslines, overhead power lines, etc. If you damage a gas, telephone, or electricity line, you are responsible for paying for the repair.
Garden Design Principles
To create a well-designed garden, it is important to place the right plants in the right positions. This means considering the cultural requirements of the plant. For example placing a plant with full sun like roses into a shady position will not work, because the roses will not receive the right amount of sunlight to grow. A good garden design idea is to follow this philosophy, using plant placement to create mystery, suspense and surprise by using tricks of the eye, color and texture.
The suspense, mystery, and surprise make this park interesting. One way to create this is to use railings, low walls, curtains, walkways, stairs to create individual ‘garden spaces’ with tension points that catch your eye on the way. For example a narrow oblong garden can be made more attractive if you can’t see the back fence – that there are features (plants or statues etc) that obscure the fence.
It also becomes more interesting if the path is narrow then opens into another room. The winding paths add mystery to the park if you can’t see what’s around the corner. The surprise comes when you go around the corner and find the focal point.
The focal point is something like a chair/sculpture/water feature that directs your eye to it. For example – a pergola that has a statue at the end. The statue is a feature and reason why you look/walk to see it. Another example of a focal point is a walkway that leads through an open door and shows a wider view of the landscape.
The success of the focal point can depend on how successful the archetype gets you there. If the paving pushes you along this path creating suspense and mystery, you are likely to follow the path to see what is there because you become curious. Narrow lanes encourage you to walk fast and not laze along the road, while wide lanes say take a walk, take your time, take a look at the surrounding vegetation.
Soft curves can be negotiated quickly, but tight curves can’t slow people down because there are risks involved. Paving is used as a signpost that says don’t walk like that, but walk this way. The edge of the bricks says don’t step over this – that’s the limit. Paving can also be used to reflect plots of land in the home or other forms in the garden.
The long narrow garden has a strong directional emphasis that needs to be broken down. Static square plot. To solve this problem the shape of the space needs to be changed. The circular design distracts the eye from the straight line of the guardrail. You can also use a series of rectangles using borders as part of the design.
Another way is to turn the garden into a 45 degree angle. Long diagonal lines will immediately create a feeling of space. Paving near the house can be done at a high angle and illuminates the diagonal lines of the entire garden.
Gardens with dog paws in them can take advantage of twists by using suspense, mystery, and surprise to lead you around to a focal point.
Unified space is created by controlling movement around the garden. It is the way areas are linked together by walkways, bridges, pergolas, stairs, and terraces that determine whether a garden is successful. Careless placement can spoil the flow of the garden. If you want to direct someone’s attention to a certain point, then there must be a clear reason in the design to follow this path.
Ground level is very important when designing a garden. If the slope is too steep to walk safely, stairs may be required and if the entire block is on the slope, the entire area may need to be leveled. What materials you use is also important. The steps must not be of slippery material and gravel can be washed away. The surface must be flat otherwise they can be dangerous and people will not want to walk along them and instead they can draw the line of desire.
Levels help create interest and ‘space’ in the garden as you move from place to place with stairs/paths/etc. Let your levels flow into each other gently and keep it simple. Don’t decorate it too much. The upward slope of the house will appear shorter while the downward slope of the house will appear larger.
Choosing Plant Material
There are 3 types of gardens:- human plants, gardeners and gardeners (a mixture of the first two). Human garden plants consist of many single, unrelated plants and are often rare and hard to come by. Garden designer gardens are made up of tried and tested plants – they use plants they know and how they perform. Gardeners have learned that their favorite plants can be more effective when grown in a scheme.
When choosing plants, you should consider the conditions of your garden. There is no point in placing alkaline tolerant plants in acid soil or vice versa. This won’t work! You need to think about what plants you choose need moist soil, dry soil, shade, sun, well drained soil and marshy soil. If you do your research properly and place your plants in the right positions, you are well on your way to a successful garden.
The height and spread of your plants also need to be considered. Plants that grow tall are placed behind garden beds, to low plants. Remember some plants send flower spikes which may be much larger than the plant itself, so they need to be positioned according to the height of their flower spikes. Some plants are bushy so don’t forget to leave enough room for them to spread out. They may need annual pruning to keep them under control.
Another trick in designing tool bags is to use color. Color is the light sensation of illumination. The way colors react to each other depends on their position on the color wheel. Manipulating color is a lot of fun and can create all sorts of illusions. Colors are divided into 2 primary groups red, yellow, blue and secondary green, purple, orange. Secondary colors are made of combining two primary colors such as mixing blue and yellow together to create green.
You can make the space look cool or create a space by using pale colors and browns. You can also make a space appear larger than it really is by using warm colors like orange, red or yellow. If you want to make the space look closer to you, use warm colors again. Since red, orange, or yellow are very attractive colors, it’s a good idea to substitute white flowers or gray foliage plants to soothe the visual scene. Whites and grays also intensify blues and pales.
One thing to keep in mind about the Australian sun is that the best time to view our park is the afternoon when the sun is not too strong. The heat of our sun tends to fade the colors of our flowers and the glare of the sun tends to fade them.
If you feel overwhelmed designing your garden, divide your space and take it slowly, finishing one section at a time. Don’t start another part until you finish the part you are working on and soon you will have a beautiful garden. Remember gardens are temporary, this is an ever-evolving process. You’re never really done.